Vascular Lesions are abnormal growths or malformations of the arteries, capillaries, veins, or lymph vessels that cause red, purple, or blue discolourations due to the formation of collections of dense blood or lymph vessels located below or on the skin. There are a wide variety of classifications of skin lesions(angioma or cherry hemangiomas) ranging from more bulbous to more scaly. These malformations of the vessels are usually, but not always, present at birth or shortly after. Often, less severe vascular lesions are referred to as birthmarks. Up to one third of newborns are discovered to have a vascular birthmark, many of which disappear on their own.
Pyogenic Granulomas: Fleshy, crusty or moist enlarged capillaries that are typically 0.5-2 cm in diameter and rise above the surface of the skin, These lesions bleed extremely easily and can be removed surgically.
Port-Wine-Stains: harmless permanent discolourations that appear as pink, red, or purple patches of skin due to malformed blood vessels.
Spider Angioma: Small, scarlet red spots made up of a dilated blood vessel in the centre, surrounded by dilated capillaries resembling a spider’s legs. These malformed vessels are commonly found on the face and are usually less than 0.5 cm across.
Cherry Angioma: Usually benign, small, red, blue, purple, or almost black spots that are often mistaken for a common mole (melanocytic lesions).
How can you treat Vascular Lesions?
Treatment of vascular lesions is dependent on the type of abnormality present. Small, asymptomatic lesions can best be treated by laser,
Who do Vascular Lesions affect?
Most vascular lesions affect men and women at equal rates, however pregnant women can experience pyogenic granulomas in the gums, and are more likely to develop spider angiomas during pregnancy as well. The ingestion of oral contraceptives can increase the likeliness of acquiring spider angiomas.
If you have a malformation that you think might be a vascular lesion, it is important that you visit your doctor to ensure that it is benign and to carry out treatment if you desire it.
Here’s what Dr. Filyk had to say about it
“This treatment is great for those pesky lesions that are common on the nose, cheeks, chest and back. In my experience client satisfaction is really high with this type of laser treatment, and it is very well tolerated.
Procedure time: Depending on the severity of the area being treated procedure time depends on the size takes about 15 to 30 minutes minutes.
Number of sessions: usually 1- 3 treatments are needed to achieve optimal results. Sessions are booked 8-10 weeks apart.
Before the procedure: Avoid retinol products for one week prior to treatment. There is no need to shave prior to treatment and avoid sun exposure post treatment. Each pulse of the laser is very fast and delivers a hot sensation that travels through the lesion. The tissue is again cooled immediately after each pulse of the laser.
After the procedure: The area treated may feel sore and achy. This feeling may last a couple days so ,the lesion may disappear instantly, leaving only mild redness that subsides within a few hours or the area may appear bruised for weeks while the body heals itself.
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